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Structure of Public Pension System
As a result of the enactment of the law for consolidation of employee pension systems on October 1 2015, Employees' Pension Insurance that has been applied to employees of private companies is now also applied to private school personnel and civil servants, etc.
Structure before consolidation of employee pension systems
Japanese public pension system can be divided mainly into “Basic Pension System” and “Employee Pension System.”(refer to the illustration below)"
Structure after consolidation of employee pension systems
The employee pension system, which was formerly divided separately into Employees' Pension Insurance and Mutual Aid Pension (Mutual Aid Association of National Government Employees, of Local Government Employees and Mutual Aid for Private School Personnel(PMAC)), was consolidated into the Employees' Pension Insurance. The Basic Pension System (National Pension) is now positioned as the 1st tier and salaried employees (including private school personnel and civil servants) also participate in the Employees' Pension Insurance, which is positioned as the 2nd tier. (refer to the illustration below)
Insured types of Employees' Pension Insurance after the consolidation